"Borders, Geography, and Economic Activity: The case of China," with Hao Guo, Regional Science and Urban Economics forthcoming 2021.
Final working paper version
"Risk and Discrimination," with Josh Ederington and C. Jill Stowe, B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 2019; 19(3).
"Austerity and Exports," with Rishav Bista, Josh Ederington, and Brandon Sheridan, Review of International Economics 2016; 24(2).
"On Persistent Poverty in a Rich Country," with Tonmoy Islam and James P. Ziliak, Southern Economic Journal 2015; 81(3).
"On the Robustness of Coefficient Estimates to the Inclusion of Proxy Variables," with Christopher Bollinger, Journal of Econometric Methods 2015; 4(1).
"When is Trade Protection Good for Growth?" with Bulent Unel, Economic Inquiry 2013; 51(1).
"Trade Policy in Majoritarian Systems,: The case of the U.S." with Per Fredriksson and Xenia Matschke, Canadian Journal of Economics 2011; 44(2).
"Environmental Policy in a Majoritarian System," with Per Fredriksson and Xenia Matschke, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 2010; 59(2).
"Opening a Stock Exchange," Journal of Development Economics 2009; 90(1).
"Reconsidering the Empirical Evidence on the Grossman-Helpman Model of Endogenous Protection," with Josh Ederington, Canadian Journal of Economics 2008; 41(2).
"Nonlinearities and Robustness in Growth Regressions," American Economic Review Papers & Proceedings 2007; 97(2).
"Institutions and Parameter Heterogeneity," invited contribution to the Journal of Macroeconomics 2007 (special issue on the empirics of growth nonlinearities); 29(3).
"Why Tariffs, not Subsidies? A search for stylized facts," with Josh Ederington, Contributions to Economic Analysis and Policy 2006; 5(1).
"Footloose and Pollution-Free," with Josh Ederington and Arik Levinson, Review of Economics and Statistics 2005; 87(1).
"Trade Liberalization and Pollution Havens," with Josh Ederington and Arik Levinson, Advances in Economic Analysis and Policy 2004; 4(2). Reprinted in The Economics of Pollution Havens, ed. Don Fullerton (Edward Elgar) 2006.
"Are Small Stock Markets Different?" Journal of Monetary Economics 2003; 50(7).
"Is Environmental Policy a Secondary Trade Barrier? An empirical analysis," with Josh Ederington, Canadian Journal of Economics 2003; 36(1).
"Democrats, Dictators, and Demonstrators," Economic Inquiry 2003; 41(2).
"Tariff Uniformity and Growth," with Josh Ederington, Journal of Policy Reform 2002; 5(2).
"Is Democracy a Normal Good? Evidence from democratic movements," Southern Economic Journal 2001; 67(4).
"Democracy and Growth: Alternative Approaches," Journal of Economic Growth 1998; 3(3).
"The Effects of Opioids on Kentucky's Workforce," with Michael W. Clark, Charles Courtemanche, Bethany L. Paris, and Michael T. Childress, report prepared for the Kentucky Department of Public Health, September 2019.
"The Effects of Smoking on Kentucky's Workforce," with Michael W. Clark, Charles Courtemanche, Bethany L. Paris, and Michael T. Childress, report prepared for the Kentucky Department of Public Health, September 2019.
"The Economic Impact of Diabetes in Kentucky," with Michael W. Clark, Charles Courtemanche, Bethany L. Paris, and Michael T. Childress, report prepared for the Kentucky Department of Public Health, June 2019.
"Do Trade Agreements Actually Reduce Trade Volatility?" with Josh Ederington and Yoonseon Han (July 2021 version)
ABSTRACT: A frequently stated objective of regional and multilateral trade agreements is to stabilize trade and reduce volatility in trade flows. We examine whether trade agreements accomplish this goal. Using a structural gravity approach we identify two potential channels through which international trade institutions may influence the volatility of bilateral trade flows: by affecting the variance of trade barriers and by affecting the covariance of economic outcomes between the trading partners. We then use a panel of bilateral industry-level trade data to empirically examine the effects of regional trade agreements and GATT/WTO membership on export earnings volatility. We find some evidence that joining a multilateral trade agreement such as the GATT does make export earnings less volatile. However, we find that signing a regional trade agreement actually increases measured volatility in bilateral exports and that this increase in volatility increases as the trading partners become more integrated.
"The Hospital and Healthcare Markets in Rural and Urban Communities," with Alison Davis, Elham Erfanian, Michael Clark, Bethany Paris, Andrew Owen, and Marissa Hartsoe. Project funded by U.S. Department of Agriculture Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) grant.